Because they carry heavy motorized equipment, the grade of the incline has to be shallow. The greater the height differential between truck and dock that a dock leveller can compensate for, the longer the leveller itself has to be. Moreover, the grade of the incline must not be so great that the vehicles cannot climb it. Dock levellers and indeed dock plates and dock boards are used where a building has a truck-level door, i.
Some buildings only have drive-in doors, i.
For loading docks with drive-in doors, and also albeit rarely for loading docks with truck-level doors, a lift is sometimes employed. Other, less common, devices employed when bridging the gap between truck and dock are truck levellers. These are hydraulic lifts positioned beneath the rear wheels of the truck, that are used to raise and lower the truck so that it is level with the loading dock edge.
The problems with truck levellers, that make them rarely employed, are twofold. First: They cause the truck interior to be at an incline, which causes loading and unloading difficulties. Second: They are expensive to maintain, since they require being below ground level and open to the air proper drainage and protection against the weather.
Recessed dock levellers also have problems of exposure to the weather. However, because they are recessed into the dock, which is above ground level, they do not have as great a problem with drainage.
Equally, because they are recessed into the dock, they extend partially back from the dock edge. A dock leveller can be installed so that it extends inside the loading dock door, and thus inside the building, protecting it from the weather. Wikimedia Foundation. Dry dock — Dry Dry dr[imac] , a. Forging Supply Chain Partnerships Chapters 14— Managing Supply Chain Information Chapters 21— Removing Cost from the Supply Chain Chapters 24— A primary theme of this book is that supply chain management is not just a tactical discipline.
The basis for competition in many industries has shifted from inside to outside the single company. Competitive success will rest in the total enterprise that develops, makes, and delivers both products and services. This section will attempt to address all these in terms of the impact on their functions from changes in supply chain management practice. Section I describes some early, pertinent models for thinking about strategy. We combine these models into one to which we return several times in describing initiatives to improve the supply chain. Section I covers six chapters.
Highlights from each are shown in the following paragraphs. SLC01 Page 3 Wednesday, July 19, AM 1 Introduction to the Supply Chain Manufacturers now compete less on product and quality — which are often comparable — and more on inventory turns and speed to market. John Kasarda, Forbes, October 18, 1. This is the belief that supply chain management will increasingly be the principal determinant of the ability to compete. In meetings of the Council of Logistics Management, for example, the discussion turns to distribution systems, transportation, and warehousing.
Whatever the forum, the trend is to broaden the definition of the supply chain. The chain goes on to a multitude of conversion and distribution processes that deliver the product to the end user. It ends with ultimate disposal — presumably back in Mother Earth somewhere. This book also subscribes to the broad view of the supply chain. We think the supply chain and supply chain management topics deserve that kind of coverage. We hope to strike the right balance of theory and practice, of art and science.
A beginning is a working definition of supply chain. Hunt Logistics, Inc. He points to three different common views of the supply chain. Supply chain includes other functions such as purchasing, engineering, production, finance, marketing, and related control activities in the single company. First, the supply chain is made up of processes. These cover a broad range including sourcing, manufacturing, transporting, and selling physical products.
The definition includes the corresponding activities for a service. Life cycle refers to both the market life cycle and the usage life cycle. That computer, a product, and that year mortgage, a service, must be supported long after newer products take the place of older ones. For this reason, product support after the sale can be an important — if not the most important — supply chain component. For this reason, the longevity of the seller and its reputation for product support are important factors in the purchasing decision. Physical, information, and financial flows are frequently cited dimensions of the supply chain.
Information and financial components are as important as physical flow in many supply chains. Often omitted from the supply chain discussion is the role of knowledge inputs into supply chain processes.
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
A prime example is new-product development. Such knowledge inputs are the stuff of future growth through product innovation. This supply chain process for new products requires close coordination of intellectual input the design with physical inputs components, prototypes, market studies, and the like. Today, added value in the form of intellectual capital is vital to marketing profitable goods and services. The supply chain should support the satisfaction of end-user requirements.
These requirements give rise to the fundamental reason for the supply chain in the first place.
(PDF) Handbook of hospitality human resources management | Elena Sechina-Thomas - preqniolispersfest.ga
We also qualify a supply chain as having multiple linked suppliers. Also, we think a supply chain could be multiple outlets representing a single enterprise. So the neighborhood barber would not constitute a supply chain under our definition. A chain of barbershops would be a supply chain. The farmer selling watermelons from his field by the side of the road would not qualify; the supermarket would. The supply chain is not limited in terms of flow direction.
- Traveling at the Speed of Enlightenment: A Buddhist Approach to Driving.
- Handbook of Supply Chain Management!
- He Sees His World In Red (Briggs and Prenderghast Book 1).
- Collecting and Analyzing Qualitative Data | Epidemic Intelligence Service | CDC!
- 25,000 Years of Erotic Freedom;
Many consider supply chains only in terms of flow from suppliers to end-users. For the physical processes, this is largely true. But supply chain design cannot ignore backward flows for product returns, rebates, incentive payments, and so forth. So much of what flows in the supply chain is two-way, including physical product, information, money, and knowledge.
Services also have supply chains. Production planning for the research and development department, which produces designs, not products, can benefit from the same techniques used by product manufacturers. Federal Express and UPS operate service businesses.
But they are certainly also complex supply chains. A software company is challenged to constantly improve its product through upgrades, so it too could be considered a supply chain for a knowledge-based product. These examples represent supply chains also. The extended product includes the basic product or service, the supply chain that delivers it, plus other features and factors that go along with the product or service.
Examples include automobiles, personal computers, or cups of coffee. However, there can be great differences in extended products. Examples are the broadened choices we have for buying personal computers like the one used to write this book. We can purchase them in a store, over the Internet, or by telephone.